Whether it is a broken arm or Lyme disease from a tick bite - so many things can cause you to be unable to work. In the event of illness, an employee normally receives regular pay for six weeks. If you are sick longer or are unable to work due to an accident, you may lose your earnings. Now it is no longer the employer's responsibility, but the health insurance.
The daily sickness allowance insurance covers you in case of inability to work. The occupational disability insurance (BU) only takes effect if you are expected to be at least 50% unable to work forever or for a very long period (at least six months). In case of a broken bone or a longer illness, it is often foreseeable that you will work in your profession again.
It often takes several months before the incapacity is determined and recognized by the BU. This time has to be bridged financially.
The basic requirement for daily sickness allowance insurance is a full health insurance policy taken out with ottonova. The amount of the daily sickness allowance depends on your income or, in the case of self-employed persons, on your profession and the number of employees. Within this framework, you can determine the amount yourself, but the maximum amount is 300,-€ per day. This amount will only be paid out after the specified waiting period. In most cases the waiting period is 42 days.
We define a waiting period as a period during which no daily sickness allowance is paid despite the inability to work. After that you will receive it daily, even on Sundays and holidays. If you are reintegrated (partially incapacitated for work), you are entitled to daily sickness allowance for a maximum of three months. The daily sickness allowance is tax-free, so it is paid net.
Self-employed women with KTS42 (daily sickness allowance for self-employed persons from the 43rd day of incapacity for work) receive daily sickness allowance regardless of whether they are incapacitated for work during periods of statutory maternity protection.
In any case, you need a medical certificate of incapacity to work.
ottonova distinguishes between daily sickness allowance for employees and for self-employed persons (this also includes managing partners and board members of companies).
Employees can choose between three pay scale levels, which differ in their waiting periods:
KTA stands for daily sickness allowance for employees - the number determines the waiting period. The KTA43 takes effect after six weeks, i.e. usually from the point at which salaried employees no longer receive continued pay. Contributions become cheaper if you choose a longer waiting period and bear the loss of earnings in the meantime yourself. If your salary increases, you can apply for a corresponding increase in the daily sickness allowance.
For self-employed persons there is only one tariff stage with a waiting period of 42 days:
KTS42 (daily sickness allowance for self-employed persons from the 43rd day of incapacity for work).
We have decided to do this because for this group, a loss of earnings exceeding 42 days is often not bearable.
During maternity leave, the waiting period does not apply, you will receive a salary replacement immediately.
The amount of the daily sickness allowance should be based on your personal needs. Calculate carefully how much money you need each month for fixed costs plus living expenses. At the very least, your basic living should be covered by the daily sickness allowance. The statutory health insurance pays a maximum of about 100 € per day. You should not fall below this value.
A longer waiting period is advisable if you have your own financial reserves, or if you have agreed with your employer to continue to pay your salary for a longer period. This also allows you to reduce your monthly contribution. An additional occupational disability insurance (Berufsunfähigkeitsversicherung) is useful in most cases. In Germany, occupational disability insurance is only available from a life insurer.
Important: If you take out private daily sickness allowance insurance with several providers, they may not be obliged to pay out the full daily sickness allowance.
The daily sickness allowance may not exceed the net income.
Employees as well as self-employed persons and freelancers benefit from a daily sickness allowance insurance because in case of illness the loss of earnings is bridged.
The insurance pays:
- after the end of the waiting period (2 weeks as a self-employed person, 7 weeks as an employee in the GKV)
- for the duration of the medically certified inability to work or the statutory maternity leave periods
- all days of the week
The insurance does not pay:
- in case of occupational disability
- for service interruptions
- in case of incapacity to work during a stay at a health resort or sanatorium
- for rehabilitation treatments that are covered by the pension insurance
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